You’ve made the right decision to become a full-stack developer. It’s possible to get a six-figure income by knowing both front-end and back-end technologies. We often get questions from potential students about which technologies to focus on. It’s important to be familiar with the most common programming languages and technology stacks before you jump into full-stack development. This will allow you to make informed decisions about how to build your base.
Here are some recommendations for the best programming languages to start your career in web development.
Web Fundamentals: HTML, CSS, JavaScript
HTML and CSS are the universal languages for front-end browsers. It is therefore important to master HTML and CSS before you dive into more complex back-end technologies. It is also very helpful to have a basic knowledge of JavaScript.
There are many free resources and intro-to-coding courses available to help you get started in web development and other programming techniques.
JavaScript programmers who are just starting to write code should spend some time learning about data structures and algorithms. This will help you break down complex problems across all technologies and languages. This is a passion of mine. Keep an eye out for another blog post dedicated to this topic.
Python is a great programming language for beginners and full-stack developers.
It is most commonly used as a back-end programming language, but it can also be used in many other situations. It can be used to create any type of program or software.
Python code is naturally readable due to its easy-to-learn syntax, emphasis on good programming style, and naming. As an instructor, it is important that Python code adheres to good indentation. This requires programmers not only to be clear about how they organize their loops and conditions, but also how they arrange other logic.
Although it is simple in design, Python is incredibly versatile and powerful. This is why over 80 percent of the top computer science programs teach Python to students as an introductory language.
MEAN is quickly becoming one of the most popular web technology stacks in the industry due to its powerful combination JavaScript-based technologies.
MongoDB is the database
Express.js is the web framework
AngularJS frontend framework
Node.js is the server platform

MEAN was only beginning to gain popularity a few years back. It’s now in full swing usage at major tech companies like Uber, Google, PayPal, and Netflix. So what makes MEAN so special?
MEAN promises a single language, JavaScript. This language is available to all engineers, front-end and back-end. Node.js uses JavaScript to be the server-side scripting language, instead of other scripting languages. This means that you can use MEAN for the web application code, the client code, and the database code.
Developers love Node.js and its incredible speed. This, when paired with Socket.IO, opens up the possibility of some really cool interactive applications.
MongoDB is one of many NoSQL database options that removes the restrictions of structured databases. This allows you to save more data and modify the types of data you save much more easily. Angular is a powerful front-end framework that emphasizes real time UI updates in a single-page application model.
MEAN enjoys unrivalled support from industry leaders such as Amazon, Microsoft, and Google. It is open-source, so any developer can modify it to their liking.
Ruby on Rails
Ruby on Rails, another full-stack framework is also available. It is the preferred technology stack for Twitter, Basecamp, and other notable sites like Twitter.
Rails is a valuable skill in the web development industry. It will help you to understand core web concepts.
Rails is similar to, but more refined than, frameworks like PHP’s CodeIgniter or MEAN’s Express. Rails supports MVC and REST with ActiveRecord, a powerful relational database ORM. Ruby (language) as well as Rails (framework), are stable and mature with plenty of online support. The Rails subsystems are more interconnected than MEAN.
Ruby is home to a rich third-party ecosystem of gems (add-ins). Rails may not be able to do what you need. A gem can fill the gap.
Rails is also well-known for its ability to quickly build web apps. Rails is the right choice for entrepreneurs and those who want to quickly prototype their ideas.
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